Fabric Selection Of Decoration Fabric

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    Hand-woven or woven textiles are characterized by decoration, beauty of colors and high-level craftsmanship. Decoration fabric is a product of decorative applied art. Fabric decoration is usually composed of repeated patterns, which can be achieved through weaving, printing (see block printing) or embroidery. These three methods have been used since ancient times and are known to almost everyone. The artistic effect of the fabric depends on the use of the fabric and the textile technology. These patterns reflect the unique styles of various eras of artistic development and various national art schools (see also carpets and rugs).

    Ancient decoration fabrics are known from visual art and literature and individual samples of fabrics found in excavations, such as fragments of ancient Egyptian decorative linen cloth in the second millennium BC. And textile fragments from cities in the northern part of the Black Sea.

    Chinese fabrics of great artistic value, mainly silk and gold thread, can be traced back to the end of the second millennium BC. Fragments of decorative textiles from the fifth to third centuries BC were unearthed in Changsha, and the colorful fabrics of the Han Dynasty (206 BC to 220 AD) also survived. In the 16th century, especially in the 17th century, silk k'o-ssu fabrics and various warp and weft velvets were popular in China. Chinese textiles are decorated with geometric patterns, stylized plant and animal motifs, symbols (such as circles, dragons and clouds) and ideograms. Japanese textiles are similar to Chinese textiles in materials, production and decoration.

    In the centuries since the third millennium BC, Indian fabrics made of cotton or part of silk are known for their printed patterns, as are patterned silk and transparent linen fabrics. The decoration of these fabrics is mainly composed of plant patterns—often with rich details—or repetitive scenes. Since ancient times, Persia has produced superb wool and silk textiles. Fragments of silk textiles from the Sassanid dynasty (third to seventh centuries) have survived; their motifs are usually composed of circles, ellipses, or other medallions, depicting the deification of kingship, hunting scenes, and mythical animals. From the 15th to the 17th centuries, Persian silk and gold cloth were highly valued. Persian moir stripes, satin and velvet, with cotton warp, with stylized patterns from the plant and animal world and epic scenes.

    There are many examples of textiles from Coptic Egypt (fourth to seventh centuries). The decorations consist of various religious scenes. The decoration of Byzantine decorative fabrics was significantly influenced by the late Classical period and the Sassanid period. The typical patterns of Byzantine textiles are circles with eagles, chariots and biblical scenes. The Arab countries produce patterned and smooth silk and gold fabrics. The unique Turkish satin and velvet from the 15th to 18th centuries have cotton warp threads, usually with a large number of fan, crescent and carnation patterns.

    Spanish decorative weaving reached its peak in the 16th century and is closely related to the art of the Middle East. Spanish silk and velvet with silk warp and weft have geometric patterns, combined with small plant motifs showing Moorish influence. Various gold fabrics are also known; particularly well-known is a silk with fine silver-plated threads on the weft, which is called altabas in Russia. Italian decorative fabrics were well-known as early as the 14th century; their art reached its peak in the 16th and 17th centuries. The most famous are the Venetian brocade with small plant motifs and various velvets with silk warp and weft, heraldry and plant decorations, as well as more rare depictions of wild animals. Among the gold fabrics in Italy, the most valuable is the fabric made of a complex compound of several warp and weft threads, called aksamit in Russian. French decorative fabrics began to rival Italian fabrics in the 17th century, and reached their peak in the 18th century. Lyon's silk fabrics are particularly famous-velvet warp and weft silk, satin and brocade. The decoration of French fabrics includes realistic depictions of flowers and bouquets, architectural motifs and custom scenes.

    Textiles, known for their artistic value, were created by the people living in the current territory of the Soviet Union. The people of Central Asia and Transcaucasia have an ancient tradition in the artistic weaving of silk, wool and cotton textiles and carpets. Decorative weaving has been known in ancient Russia. Its practice is confirmed in the literature and fragments of wool textiles of the northern Slavs of the 10th and 11th centuries, who liked large geometric prints, and the 12th century Krivichi, who used weaving patterns in his open-space work. Calicos and various decorative fabrics are used by Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Baltic people for bed sheets, towels, tablecloths, squares and clothing.

    Russian silk weaving began in the 16th and 17th centuries and reached its peak in the 18th century. Damascus, brocade and plaid fabrics are all composed of lifelike rose bouquets and other floral patterns. At the beginning of the 19th century, the production of shawls and decorative silk fabrics increased, especially brocades.

    In the 20th century, with the development of factory textile production and the improvement of fabric pattern technology, the artistic quality of mass-produced household fabrics has been improved. Art experts were hired to create textile patterns. In the 1920s, the Soviet Union made various attempts to introduce calicos that used few colors and limited patterns. In the 1930s, people's interest in the country's classical and folk heritage inspired renewed efforts to make decorative fabrics both practical and artistic in patterns and colors. Floral patterns, sometimes with the Soviet Union logo, are used more frequently.
    Due to the rapid development of modern industry, there are many fabrics available now. cut pile fabric is a good choice, especially for carpets, pillows and other decorative objects.